Personality refers to the measurable, unique behavioral patterns that make you different from other people. This includes the way you like to communicate, what motivates, energizes, and stresses you, how you like to interact with others, and so much more. When you add all of these individual traits together, you get a complex, unique mix of tendencies that help drive your daily thoughts, feelings, and actions. This mix, which we simply refer to as your personality, is a big part of what makes you you.
Personality models help simplify the way we talk about personality by grouping common characteristics into personality types. Popular models like DISC, 16 Personalities, the Enneagram, and the Big Five take different approaches at classifying these characteristics. Each can give you a unique perspective and understanding into your personality.
Because of this, millions of people have recently made efforts to get to know more about their own personalities with Crystal’s free online personality assessments.
DISC is a "four-factor" personality model, meaning that it groups people into four categories based on behavior patterns. Each category consists of a set of personality traits. Everyone has a primary category, and often a second category. You can see details about each category below.
DISC was developed in the early 1900s by psychologist William Marston, the same man who also happened to create Wonder Woman and the polygraph. It resembles other four-factor models that have been around for more than 2,000 years, when Hippocrates first described the “four temperaments”.
Personality learning in professional settings
Improving communication skills
Four-factor personality models, like DISC, have been validated by scientific research.
DISC is easy to learn since there are four overarching categories.
The results are useful for both individual and relationship insights.
Because DISC offers more general insights, it’s much easier to apply practically
DISC hasn’t been studied as often as similar models and has less controlled research to support it.
DISC doesn’t tend to offer deeper, more emotional insights.
The 16 Personalities Type Indicator is a very well-known personality assessments. Inspired by the work of Katharine Cook Briggs, her daughter Isabel Briggs Myers, and Carl Jung, 16 Personalities has become especially popular in modern workplaces to help companies better understand their employees.
Personality insights for large audiences
Easy to remember and understand, since it’s only a combination of four distinct traits.
Tends to be popular among the general public.
There are plenty of online resources that can help people learn more.
It has limited scientific validity and reliability compared to other models.
Each personality trait is represented as a binary “either or,” rather than a normal distribution.
The Enneagram is a personality model that dates back more than a thousand years. Though it’s unclear just how it began, it has recently exploded in popularity. The Enneagram consists of 9 main, overarching types that interact with one another in unique ways. This model also features “wings,” which is a way of describing when an individual primarily shows the characteristics of one type but shares a few with another type as well.
Helps with personal growth and self-awareness.
Allows for more specific typing through its use of “wings”.
Accounts for personality abnormalities in times of stress and growth.
It has been criticized for being overly subjective.
It lacks the psychological evidence to support the ways in which it categorizes personality.
The Big Five, or Five Factor Model, is widely considered the most scientifically accurate personality model, as it is often used for psychological studies. It consists of five traits that have their own causes and behaviors. They do not correlate with one another across any population.
Population personality studies
Big Five has been studied by psychologists and therefore has the most scientific validity and reliability.
The results are relatively easy to understand.
The measurements are very precise for the individual traits.
The practical application of Big Five knowledge can be very difficult.
People are more likely to be upset with their results in regards to Neuroticism.