The Personality Behind WeWork's Downfall

Earlier this year, WeWork was on top of the world. It was valued at nearly $47 billion and crowned one of the fastest growing, most valuable startups in recent history. It’s founder and CEO, Adam Neumann, was soaring as well, preparing to take his co-working empire public, which would make him a billionaire several times over. The company was growing at a historically rapid pace, doubling over the last year to over half a million members renting desks at WeWork locations in 111 cities globally. Revenues were compounding as well, on track to surpass $3 billion in 2019. 

Then, in September 2019, it all came crashing down.

In the span of a mere few weeks, the company scrapped the plans for its IPO, pushed out Neumann as CEO and took a rescue package from investor Softbank at a fraction of their previous valuation. The company recently announced mass layoffs and its board is scrambling to right this ship, which so suddenly and so violently lurched off course. 

How did things go so wrong?

While you cannot ignore the inherent risks of WeWork’s business model and cash-devouring growth strategy, I believe that psychology is at the root of this company’s fall -- specifically, the personality of its CEO and how his natural strengths were allowed to run wild and unrestrained until they transformed into glaring weaknesses. WeWork’s epic plunge is a cautionary tale for all investors, employees, and leaders of companies who allow entrepreneurial hype and cult-like mythology squeeze out the truth, and gives us a fantastic case study for identifying stronger, more durable leadership teams that will avoid a similar fate.   

Why personality matters

My company, Crystal, builds software that predicts anyone’s personality. Our AI can analyze text online (e.g. a LinkedIn profile) and accurately identify someone’s behaviors, motivations and communication style. There are 16 core personality types in the model, and each one brings unique strengths and blindspots to the table. While no personality type is better or worse than another, each type has traits that are well- or poorly-suited for specific situations. In the right context, someone’s biggest strength can become their Achilles' heel. 

Using Crystal, I analyzed Neumann’s LinkedIn profile, and our AI identified him as the Influencer personality:


According to Crystal, as an Influencer, Neumann “tends to have lots of charisma and may lack patience sometimes.” 

No kidding. 

He harnessed the natural strengths of his personality to go from a 3-time failed entrepreneur to one of the most successful startup executives in the world. 

The strengths that fueled his rise

Influencer personality types like Neumann are among the most common for successful startup founders. This is because so many of their natural strengths are critical in the early days of getting a venture off the ground. As an Influencer, his core strengths likely include:

  • Presenting a bold, big-picture vision enthusiastically.
  • Quickly spotting new opportunities for advancement.
  • Placing a high priority on personal interactions and relationships.
  • Using colorful storytelling to persuade others.

Neumann possesses an extreme version of this particular set of strengths, and they enabled him to accomplish herculean feats:

Raising nearly $13 billion in venture capital from visionary investors like SoftBank

Neumann is a fundraising machine, having brought in a total of nearly $13 billion at a whopping $47 billion valuation from top tier investors such as SoftBank’s Vision Fund.

Taking a concept as mundane as subleasing office space and crafting a bold vision

Perhaps Neuman’s most important quality, and a hallmark of those with his Influencer personality type, is crafting a bold vision and selling a story that painted his business model not as a mere office subletter, but as a global enterprise on a mission to “elevate the world’s consciousness.” Neumann’s natural charm and ability to persuade others to buy into his vision was key for the growth of WeWork.

Building relationships and earning the backing of powerful business titans and celebrities 

Influencer personality types are deeply motivated and energized by fostering relationships with others. Indeed, Neumann went from a relatively unknown figure to, within a decade, holding court with the likes of Jamie Dimon, the chief executive of J.P. Morgan, who became a trusted confidant and investor

The blindspots that accelerated his fall

To be sure, an entrepreneur who possesses these Influencer strengths can be tremendously successful, and for a long time, Neumann was. However, just like every other personality type, Influencers have deep blindspots that if left unchecked, can become immensely destructive. 

According to Crystal, Neumann’s most prevalent blindspots as an Influencer type likely include:

  • Pursuing too many new ideas or opportunities at once.
  • Failing to evaluate problems realistically due to overly optimistic expectations.
  • Over-delegating the responsibility to follow through on details.
  • Having trouble following consistent, predictable routines.

Sound familiar? 

In Neumann’s case, these blindspots were so extreme, and left so unchecked, that WeWork spun out of control with no other strong personalities to balance things out. Consider the most damning missteps:

Going after one outlandish idea after another, including starting a $40k per year preschool

Perhaps the most dangerous blindspot of an Influencer personality type is the inability to focus. Neumann chased new opportunities relentlessly, splitting his focus and resources among too many half-baked ideas. WeWork spent $200 million to purchase, and launched a preschool, WeGrow, with a staggering $40k/year tuition rate. Due to such staggering high expenses, the company’s losses ballooned to $1.9 billion. 

Pursuing unrealistically ambitious ideas that aren’t always rational

Neumann has noted that he wants to live forever, said that if he were ever to run for public office, it would be for “president of the world,” and finally, he stated that he wants to be the first person to accumulate $1 trillion in wealth. These unrealistically ambitious ideas that aren’t rooted in reality can get in the way of an Influencer like Neumann staying grounded and focused.

Using his persuasive skills to coerce others, such as in attempting to push NASDAQ to ban meat

Influencer types can be incredibly persuasive. This helped Neumann haul in massive fundraises for WeWork, but it also manifested itself in less productive ways. For example, in inciting a bidding war for which stock exchange would list the We Company, Neumann demanded that the exchanges eliminate all meat from their facility cafeterias, a clear overreach. 

Impulsively firing employees because he and his wife “didn’t like their energy”

Neumann and his wife (also a co-founder of WeWork) were known to make brash, impulsive decisions. In one instance, he acquiesced to his wife’s demand that an employee she met should be immediately terminated because she “didn’t like their energy.” Operating on strong instinct and gut feeling is a classic part of the Influencer personality type, and left unchecked, it can lead to potentially poor, ill-informed decisions.

Being overly focused on pleasing people

As the company grew, its spending habits did too. WeWork provided employees with regular access to expensive alcohol, which Neumann believed helped bring people together, spent tons on lavish parties, and even purchased a $60 million private jet in 2018. When the company needed to cut spending in 2016, nearly 7% of employees were let go; the other employees were told about this in a company-wide meeting that ended with tequila shots and a private jam session with Run-DMC. 

Creating an overly casual atmosphere that lacks necessary structure

While Influencer types like Neumann are known to create a casual, unstructured environment, in extreme cases it can go overboard. He was known to host spiritual think sessions in his office, had an in-office jacuzzi and while the IPO process was falling apart, he was apparently half-way across the world, surfing in the Maldives. 

Overlooking risk, especially with the financials, which led to near bankruptcy

Neumann’s great passion for out-of-the-box, bold thinking led to some big ideas and a vision that grew WeWork into a powerhouse. However, a natural blindspot of his personality type is to sometimes overlook the risks of a situation. In the case of WeWork’s financial planning, when the IPO fell apart, WeWork had just a few months of cash in the bank to operate the business, which ultimately led to the firesale rescue by SoftBank at a deeply discounted valuation. 

Could this have been prevented?

Without a doubt, yes. 

With a bit of focus, self-awareness, and outside help, Influencers can be inspiring leaders, who have the ability to dream up innovative change and see it through to fruition. When someone has such extreme personality traits, it’s critical to balance them out with someone that has nearly opposite traits. In the case of Neumann, WeWork may have considered stacking the executive team with more personalities on the opposite side of the map, such as Skeptics and Analysts:


This is a prime example of why understanding personality is so crucial. It’s important to recognize the natural strengths of a CEO’s personality, and have a clear plan to compensate for their blindspots. In the case of Adam Neumann at WeWork, he’ll walk away with a cool $1.7 billion and a chance to try again with another company. Perhaps the next time, he’ll empower a business partner with the opposite personality to balance him out.

Want to learn about your personality
and what comes naturally to you?

Free Personality Test
Recommended posts
Personality Tests
Best Personality Test: 2019
With so many personality tests out there, it can feel a bit overwhelming to start on the journey to better understanding yourself.
(read more)
Personality AI
The Personality Behind WeWork's Downfall
Earlier this year, WeWork was on top of the world. It was valued at nearly $47 billion and crowned one of the fastest growing, most valuable startups in recent history. It’s founder and CEO, Adam Neumann, was soaring as well, preparing to take his co-working empire public, which would make him a billionaire several times over. The company was growing at a historically rapid pace, doubling over the last year to over half a million members renting desks at WeWork locations in 111 cities globally. Revenues were compounding as well, on track to surpass $3 billion in 2019. 
(read more)
Personality Tests
Best Enneagram Test: 2020
With so many Enneagram tests out there, it can be overwhelming to find the best one for you. To make it easier to find your Enneagram type, we’ve compiled a list of the 6 best Enneagram tests online.
(read more)
Personality Neuroscience #4: The Big Five personality traits
This is Part 4 of our series on Personality Neuroscience. Click here to read from the beginning. Header image by Roslyn Ramos.   Over the past few decades, the Five Factor Model (the “Big Five”) has emerged as the most well-validated model of personality traits. As a result, most personality studies today use the Big Five as a foundation.
(read more)
Big Five vs Myers-Briggs
Personality assessments seem to be all the rage lately. Instagram accounts, Subreddits, and Facebook groups centered around different personality types have all formed and they’re gaining plenty of traction.
(read more)
Meghan, Duchess of Sussex: How Personality Affected Her Relationship with the Press
The war on Meghan’s personality by the British tabloids has been one of the main tensions in the Sussex family for the last few years. It is what led them to sue the DailyMail in October of 2019 and, ultimately, leave the Royal Family in January of 2020. 
(read more)
Personality AI
We ran Donald Trump's Letter through Personality AI, and here's what we learned
On Tuesday, Donald Trump sent a letter to House Speaker Nancy Pelosi to express his opposition to the upcoming impeachment vote. To call it strongly worded would be an understatement. 
(read more)
Nature vs Nurture
From the time we’re children, we begin to question why we act in certain ways. The older we get, the more serious those questions become.
(read more)