INTP Personality Type

The Thinker in Myers Briggs

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What is the INTP personality type (The Thinker)?
People with an INTP personality type tend to be extremely analytical, objective, and logical in their behavior. They love exploring new theories and ideas, which means they’re often responsible for amazing discoveries in their field of choice. They are likely to approach interactions with others in a logical way, rather than relying on emotion.

INTP Personality Traits

INTPs prefer spending time alone so they can explore their rich inner world, and prolonged exposure to big groups of people can make them feel drained.

Their focus lies more on understanding the big picture than on noticing the tiny details. They want to know how things connect together, which gives them great intuition for solving complex problems.

As the most thinking-oriented of the types, they rely on logic rather than emotion as their main influence in decision making.

An INTP normally likes to keep their options open rather than locking themselves into a commitment. They’re flexible and spontaneous, which allows them to capitalize on opportunities that come available at the 11th hour.


In summary, INTP personality types tend to...

  • Withdraw frequently
  • Objectively analyze problems
  • Look at the world in a fresh new way
  • Separate emotions from decision making
  • Constantly be innovating and adding to their knowledge
  • Miss small details, but have remarkable insight into the bigger picture
  • Master difficult skills and solve large-scale problems
  • Quickly detect factual inconsistencies

INTP Meaning

  • (I) INTROVERSION: Introverts tend to draw energy from spending time alone.
  • (N) INTUITION: Intuitive types tend to love to explore new ideas and think in terms of the big picture.
  • (T) THINKING: Thinking types tend to follow their head and consider facts when making decisions.
  • (P) PERCEIVING: Perceiving types usually prefer to be flexible and spontaneous.

INTP Strengths

Every personality archetype has strengths and blind spots, and these are often amplified in professional settings where we often encounter a diverse group of people with vastly different backgrounds and value systems.

Strengths that are typically associated with the INTP personality type include...

  • Their ability to logically approach to any issue
  • Thorough, airtight problem solving
  • Out-of-the-box ideas and solutions
  • Impressive expertise in their field of choice
  • Ability to see the big picture

INTP Weaknesses

Weaknesses that are typically associated with the INTP personality type include...

  • Seeking a perfect solution over a workable solution
  • Having trouble delegating important work
  • Missing tiny details
  • Taking too much time gathering information and assessing risk before making decisions
  • Not sensitive to others’ feelings

How INTP personality types like to work

Communicating with an INTP personality type

Use a serious, businesslike demeanor and ask strictly objective questions to fully understand what they are thinking.

Meeting with an INTP personality type

Meetings should be minimal and as focused on the big picture as possible. Give them autonomy.

Emailing an INTP personality type

Emails should be clear, well thought out, and logical.

Giving feedback to an INTP personality type

Feedback should be specific, detailed, and delivered with airtight logical reasoning.

Resolving conflict with an INTP personality type

Conflict is a useful way to discover truth and bring underlying issues to the surface, as long as it’s focused on the facts and emotions are kept out of it.

INTP Motivations

When people experience pain, stress, or dissatisfaction at work, it can usually be attributed to energy-draining activities. Therefore, it’s important to know what kinds of activities energize each personality type and which activities drain them.

INTP personality types tend to be motivated and energized by...

  • Solving complex problems via thorough analysis and intuition.
  • Researching the root causes of a problem.
  • Making common processes more efficient.
  • Thinking through every possibility before making a final decision on a problem.
  • Communicating primarily in writing.
  • Working on projects independently and bringing results back to a group.
  • Maintaining high quality results.

INTP Stress

INTP personality types tend to be stressed and drained by...

  • Monotonous, non-creative work.
  • Regularly interacting with large groups of people.
  • Providing verbal encouragement to other team members.
  • Discussing concrete facts rather than abstract theories.
  • Situations where they must finish before they’re done thinking about a problem.
  • Carrying a conversation with someone they just met.
  • Highly regimented schedules.
  • Explaining things with emotional language.

INTP Careers

INTPs tend to thrive in environments that allow them to work independently and at their own pace. They enjoy using their skills in problem solving to improve team efficiency.

INTP personality types feel energized at work when...

  • They are given space to work independently from others.
  • Their boss is direct and assertive.
  • Their peers are hard-working and focused.
  • Their direct reports work efficiently.

INTP personality types feel drained at work when...

  • They have to frequently consider others’ sensitivities.
  • Their boss spends too much time sharing personal details.
  • Their peers hurt productivity by socializing too often during work hours.
  • Their direct reports are unmotivated.


INTPs thrive in positions where they can take enough time to do their work with accuracy, precision, and the highest possible quality. They don’t normally like to lead or control people, and they’re very flexible in most situations. They are likely to prefer independent analytical work over lots of collaboration.

Common jobs for people with INTP personality types

  • Software Engineer
  • Mechanical Engineer
  • Chemical Engineer
  • Chemist
  • Physicist
  • Mathematician
  • Actuary
  • Investment Analyst
  • Software Developer
  • Data Scientist
  • Financial Analyst
  • Systems Administrator
  • Director of Engineering
  • Pharmacist
  • Forensic scientist
  • Geologist

INTP Relationships (Professional)

INTPs can creatively solve dynamic, complicated problems. They can help others learn to work intensely and efficiently in order to achieve the teams’ set goals.

INTP personality types tend to work well with others who...

  • Give them space to work independently
  • Openly give constructive feedback
  • Aren’t easily offended in conversation

INTP personality types may hit obstacles in professional relationships when they...

  • Struggle to follow company policies, schedules, or procedures
  • Make a decision without considering the emotional consequences
  • Reject the expected way of doing things in favor of pursuing their own idea

INTP Relationships (Romantic)

INTPs can be reasonable, motivated partners, focused on objectively working through difficult personal problems.

In a romantic relationship, Thinker personality types bring strengths like...

  • Openly sharing their perspective on an issue
  • Working through emotional issues with a balanced mindset
  • Innate desire to get to the root of the problem

In romantic relationships, Thinker personality types may have trouble...

  • Opening up emotionally with their partner
  • Considering how their decisions will emotionally impact their partner
  • Calmly working through emotional situations with their partner

Myers-Briggs is a personality framework that can help you understand other people and why they behave in certain ways.
Explore Myers-Briggs types here:

INTP Slide Show

Click through the slides below to learn more about INTPs:

Related Personality Types

Below are the DISC and Enneagram types that are similar to Myers-Briggs Type INTP. 

DISC Type Di or DI

Enneagram Type 5 or 8

You can find your DISC, Enneagram, and Myers-Briggs types by taking Crystal's free personality test.

Are you an INTP? Take the Myers-Briggs test to see

Complete the Myers-Briggs test below to find your Myers-Briggs type