INTP Personality Type

The Thinker in Myers-Briggs

Overview
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What is the INTP personality type (The Thinker)?

People with an INTP personality type tend to be extremely analytical, objective, and logical in their behavior. They love exploring new theories and ideas, which means they’re often responsible for amazing discoveries in their field of choice. They are likely to approach interactions with others in a logical way, rather than relying on emotion.

INTP Personality Traits

INTPs prefer spending time alone so they can explore their rich inner world, and prolonged exposure to big groups of people can make them feel drained.

Their focus lies more on understanding the big picture than on noticing the tiny details. They want to know how things connect together, which gives them great intuition for solving complex problems.

As the most thinking-oriented of the types, they rely on logic rather than emotion as their main influence in decision making.

An INTP normally likes to keep their options open rather than locking themselves into a commitment. They’re flexible and spontaneous, which allows them to capitalize on opportunities that come available at the 11th hour.


In summary, INTP personality types tend to…

  • Withdraw frequently

  • Objectively analyze problems

  • Look at the world in a fresh new way

  • Separate emotions from decision making

  • Constantly be innovating and adding to their knowledge

  • Miss small details, but have remarkable insight into the bigger picture

  • Master difficult skills and solve large-scale problems

  • Quickly detect factual inconsistencies

Strengths & Blind Spots

Every personality archetype has strengths and blind spots, and these are often amplified in professional settings where we often encounter a diverse group of people with vastly different backgrounds and value systems.


Strengths that are typically associated with the INTP personality type include...


  • Their ability to logically approach to any issue

  • Thorough, airtight problem solving

  • Out-of-the-box ideas and solutions

  • Impressive expertise in their field of choice

  • Ability to see the big picture


Blind spots that are typically associated with the INTP personality type include…

  • Seeking a perfect solution over a workable solution

  • Having trouble delegating important work

  • Missing tiny details

  • Taking too much time gathering information and assessing risk before making decisions

  • Not sensitive to others’ feelings

How INTP personality types like to work

Communicating with an INTP personality type

Use a serious, businesslike demeanor and ask strictly objective questions to fully understand what they are thinking.

Meeting with an INTP personality type

Meetings should be minimal and as focused on the big picture as possible. Give them autonomy.

Emailing an INTP personality type

Emails should be clear, well thought out, and logical.

Giving feedback to an INTP personality type

Feedback should be specific, detailed, and delivered with airtight logical reasoning.

Resolving conflict with an INTP personality type

Conflict is a useful way to discover truth and bring underlying issues to the surface, as long as it’s focused on the facts and emotions are kept out of it.

Motivators & Stressors

When people experience pain, stress, or dissatisfaction at work, it can usually be attributed to energy-draining activities. Therefore, it’s important to know what kinds of activities energize each personality type and which activities drain them.

INTPs tend to be motivated and energized by…

  • Solving complex problems via thorough analysis and intuition.

  • Researching the root causes of a problem.

  • Making common processes more efficient.

  • Thinking through every possibility before making a final decision on a problem.

  • Communicating primarily in writing.

  • Working on projects independently and bringing results back to a group.

  • Maintaining high quality results.


INTPs tend to be drained by…

  • Monotonous, non-creative work.

  • Regularly interacting with large groups of people.

  • Providing verbal encouragement to other team members.

  • Discussing concrete facts rather than abstract theories.

  • Situations where they must finish before they’re done thinking about a problem.

  • Carrying a conversation with someone they just met.

  • Highly regimented schedules.

  • Explaining things with emotional language.

Best jobs for an INTP personality type

INTPs thrive in positions where they can take enough time to do their work with accuracy, precision, and the highest possible quality. They don’t normally like to lead or control people, and they’re very flexible in most situations. They are likely to prefer independent analytical work over lots of collaboration.

Common jobs for people with the INTP personality type are:

  • Software Engineer

  • Mechanical Engineer

  • Chemical Engineer

  • Chemist

  • Physicist

  • Mathematician

  • Actuary

  • Investment Analyst

  • Software Developer

  • Data Scientist

  • Financial Analyst

  • Systems Administrator

  • Director of Engineering

  • Pharmacist

  • Forensic scientist

  • Geologist

INTP Relationships

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